The following sections will give some exposure to some of the common types of soft and hardwoods. Furniture wood comes from different varieties of trees, and are of different kinds. Solid wood — that is, wood cut into boards from the trunk of the tree — makes up most of the wood in a piece of furniture. Subscribe to get Joshua's free traditional woodworking videos, articles & news: © 2013 - 2017 Wood and Shop Productions & Joshua T. Farnsworth | All content on is copyrighted and may not be reprinted or used without our written consent. This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. Understanding the many different types of wood and their uses can be very helpful for choosing the best wood for your next project. Whether you’re buying or burning, knowing a few things about the different types of firewood can maximize efficiency and save you trouble when it comes to your wood stove, fireplace, or fire pit. It is strong, durable as well as extremely heavy wood that can last for many years. Cedar wood is found around the world, but some of the most popular species are found in North America. Cedar wood comes from various types of cedar trees. Teak: The most popular type of hardwood, ranges from deep yellow to dark brown. They built their cabins out of … We run our website based on principles of integrity, and don’t recommend any product that we wouldn’t use ourselves. Therefore many wood working companies and wood suppliers look for the types of wood that can be worked without having to worry about any damage occurring due to fungus or termites. The type of wood you choose determines the beauty and strength of the finished piece. Nov 5, 2019 - Different woods from around the world. In the following chart (chart 1) you will note that cedar weights… Black walnut is considered a rare wood type, and it is quite durable and strong. I use a lot of Southern Yellow pine because you can get it at most hardware stores as construction lumber, and if the boards are 10-12 inches wide, you can cut out the center and use the quartersawn pieces on the edges (see my other page for more details). The Janka hardness test measures the force (pounds-force is abbreviated “lbf) required to push a small steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. Wood, in the strict sense, is yielded by trees, which increase in diameter by the formation, between the existing wood and the inner bark, of new woody layers which envelop the entire stem, living branches, and roots.This process is known as secondary growth; it is the result of cell division in the vascular cambium, a lateral meristem, and subsequent expansion of the new cells. The type of wood chosen to build a certain piece on furniture would depend on the nature of the piece itself. The following are common types of wood. hard maple vs. soft maple or Black Walnut vs. English Walnut) so I’m just listing the basic names: As a furniture maker, some of my most favorite types of wood to work with (especially when woodworking hand tools) are black walnut, quartersawn white oak, cherry, beech, poplar, eastern white pine, and southern yellow pine. Ash A light wood with a distinctive lustre when polished. Keep in mind that there are quite a few variations of different types of wood (e.g. Most of the types of wood below lead to a Wikipedia article that will teach you more about each type of type of wood: recommends products, with links to online stores, some of which are part of affiliate programs. Picking the right wood for furniture is critical as it helps you to determine the exact price of your unit. This is why cedar woods are mostly used in creating chests and cabinets as well. Teak is a Hardwood and has rich oil content with high tensile strength when compared with the other types of wood. Understanding different types of wood is really important for woodworker and furniture makers. Another common type of wood is oak. All of the best used for making furniture. Save this article. Written by AD Editorial Team; April 13, 2017; Different types of wood are good for different purposes when building furniture, so it’s important to research what is the best wood for furniture projects that you’re building. These trees such as ash, oak, maple, walnut, and birch are slow-growing trees, and this creates a hard type of timber. Teak Wood: The wood which is extracted from broad-leaved deciduous trees ¨Tectona Grandis¨ ¨teak¨ is called Teak Wood. Redwood. Wood Density and Specific Gravity The Following chart will tell you how much weight you can expect from your wood selection. Pine wood. It’s good to know what type of product you’re working with. Cedars are known for many different colors and shades that it brings. Below you will see a list of most of the different types of wood on a Janka hardness test chart. Each species has different rules for getting the most out of that particular type of wood. There is different types of wood are available which can be used for many purposes.Some of the most common uses of wood are for furniture making, home construction, firewood, picture frames, etc. Wood has different applications and value based on properties such as strength, pliability, density, workability, color, appearance, grain, texture, rot resistance, water resistance, insect resistance and odor. Different types of wood for furniture (both hardwood and softwood) are available in the market. This wood has oily texture which means it is somewhat resistant to warping as well as insects. Hardwood comes from deciduous, broad-leaved trees. The […] Wood comes in various shapes and sizes. It is used in both personal and industries works. It is renowned for its sturdiness, durability and weather-resistance, teak is an excellent choice for outdoor furniture like garden benches and … Types of Woods used in Construction: The Below woods Types of Woods used in construction generally, 1. See more ideas about Wood, Types of wood, Exotic woods. And its uses are as diverse as the tree species where it comes from. These payments are very helpful to us, and add no additional fees to our users, so we are grateful for anyone who uses the affiliate links. Common Wood Types. Yes, subscribe me to receive Joshua's latest free videos & articles! Teak Wood. See more ideas about Wood, Types of wood, Woodworking. Wood can be classified as either hardwood or softwood, but it depends on its makeup and physical structure. Aug 15, 2015 - Explore A to G EPC's board "Wood Identification", followed by 1066 people on Pinterest. Pick up the wood and get a feel of how heavy or light it is compared to other wood types. The following wood density chart will tell you how much weight you can expect from your various types of wood … The sapwood is usually white in color, and may be as high as 25%, but we have it steamed to make it … Both species are light brown in color, although red oak usually has hints … Hardwood. Available in several types, all of which include Sugar, White, Yellow, and Ponderosa. Countries like Africa and Canada where there is a healthy quantity of … It is highly durable and can resist swelling, shrinking and warping. You will receive mail with link to set new password. Any product claim about a service or product should be verified with the manufacturer. The density of a wood is determined based on the multiple growths and physiological factors such as Age, diameter, height, radial growth, geographical location, site and growing conditions etc. Please enter your email address. Here is an excellent resource, with photos, of different types of wood: The Wood Database. Types of Woods : The more one knows about the unique characteristics of wood and its source, the better one can understand the degree of warmth and beauty that it brings to our everyday décor. They are known to have pleasant aromatic smell. To put it simply, hardwood is solid and durable, while softwood is workable and soft. Walnut: has fine texture and is strong, easy to work with. Generally, wood is the primary raw material for most carpentry work and various other forms of woodworking projects. 2000 onwards. It has an open grain and is reasonably hard wearing. "Bloodwood | the Wood Database - Lumber Identification (Hardwood)", "Specialty Timbers for the Western Australian Wheatbelt", Australian National Association of Forest Industries, US Forest Products Laboratory, "Characteristics and Availability of Commercially Important Wood" from the, International Federation of Building and Wood Workers,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 19:20. It is easy to carve, is soft and handles a stain quite well. There are two types of oak: red oak and white oak. It is preferred above any other wood and is easy to work with. Each type comes with a different set of characteristics in terms of color, density, grain, and finishing. There are numerous species of wood that are used for woodworking around the world. #1 SoftwoodsTypes of wood Table of Contents1 #1 […] Its rich color and durability make it a popular choice for floors, furniture and decorative touches inside the home. Steps 1-5 | Beginner’s Guide to Hand Tool Woodworking, STEP 1: UNDERSTAND & BUY THE RIGHT WOODWORKING HAND TOOLS, STEP 2: SETUP YOUR WOODWORKING WORKSHOP & TOOL STORAGE, STEP 3: LEARN HOW TO REFURBISH, TUNE, & SHARPEN HAND TOOLS, STEP 4: LEARN HOW TO USE WOODWORKING HAND TOOLS, STEP 5: LEARN HOW TO DESIGN WOODWORKING PROJECTS, Steps 6-10 | Beginner’s Guide to Hand Tool Woodworking, STEP 6: LEARN HOW TO CHOOSE STABLE, STRONG, & BEAUTIFUL WOOD, STEP 7: LEARN TO PREPARE WOOD: SQUARE, FLAT, STRAIGHT, & SMOOTH, STEP 8: JOINERY: LEARN HOW TO LAYOUT & CUT JOINTS, STEP 9: LEARN HOW TO ASSEMBLE, FASTEN, & GLUE-UP WOODWORKING PROJECTS, STEP 10: LEARN HOW TO TRADITIONALLY FINISH WOODWORKING PROJECTS, Learn How to Choose Stable, Strong & Beautiful Wood, Piptadenia Macrocarpa, Curupay, Angico Preto, Brazilian Tiger Mahogany, Snakewood, Letterhout, Piratinera Guinensis, Sucupira, Brazilian Chestnut, Tiete Chestnut, Guatambú, Kyrandy, Balfourodendron riedelianum, Carbonized Bamboo (represents one species), How to Choose Wood Lumber for Woodworking {7 Simple Steps}, How to Square, Flatten, and Dimension Rough Boards with Hand Tools, How to Make Mortise and Tenon Joints with Hand Tools, Making Cabriole Legs with Dave Heller Part 2, Making Cabriole Legs with Dave Heller Part 1, Attach a Moravian Workbench Top with Blind Pegging, PRIVACY POLICY, RULES, TERMS & CONDITIONS, Schinopsis brasiliensis, Quebracho, Barauna, Chamacoco, Schinopsis balansae, Quebracho Colorado, Red Quebracho, Santos Mahogany, Bocote, Cabreuva, Honduran Rosewood, Afzelia, Doussie, Australian Wormy Chestnut, Southern Yellow Pine (Loblolly and Shortleaf). Types of Wood in India. Use the wood database to make comparisons hardwood lumber types and softwood types. Save. If you have a scale, it would be much better for you. That's why today, I decided to write an article about the most common types of wood for woodworking at home. As a furniture maker, some of my most favorite types of wood to work with (especially when woodworking hand tools) are black walnut, quartersawn white oak, cherry, beech, poplar, eastern white pine, and southern yellow pine. It is also used in the construction as well as boat making industries. Richter, H. G. and M. J. Dallwitz. If users make purchases in those stores (e.g. A simple comparison of the lb/ft3 of cedar and any other species will tell you what you can expect in added weight. And now, here is a rundown of some of the popular wood types in the world. Cedars are types of wood that, among the softwood, are the most favored. A general utility interior wood. Different types of wood Akasa A straight-grained grey-brown heartwood and sapwood. Picking the right kind of wood for your home or DIY project can be a confusing task, especially if you are a beginner. There are many kinds of woods available and each of them has its own characteristics. Wood is one of the natural resources that is produced from forests. Different Types of Wood. The type of wood people choose determines the strength and beauty of the finished piece. The different types of solid wood are divided into 2 categories – hardwood and softwood. Lost your password? A block of wood is to a woodworker what a canvas and palette are to a painter. and those affiliate links lead to referral compensation to us. 52 Types of Wood and the Trees They Come From. If you’re looking to make high-quality furniture, decks, flooring, and other projects that are meant to last, hardwood is the ideal type. Its uses include interior joinery, light structural work, flooring, utility furniture, veneer for plywood and turnery. Termites are most definitely the bane of life for wood working companies and wood suppliers as the tiny insects like to attack all the wood that they can get to. Whether you are building something out of wood or simply choosing wood furniture for your home, this list of the many wood types will help make sure you choose wood … Many varieties of wood are available, and each has its own properties. This type of wood extensively used for quality furniture such as wooden cabinets, boat construction, wood facings and veneers. In this list, find woodworking tips for dealing with just a few of the most popular varieties of wood used for woodworking, such as oak, maple, pine and more. One of the most widely produced types of wood in South East Asia is teak wood. It is generally found in central and southern India. 52 Types of Wood and the Trees They Come From. Save this picture! It is unreasonable for woodworkers to learn every type of wood as there are hundreds of wood species, so below I have listed some of the most common types of wood lumber species that woodworkers use for making furniture and woodworking hand tools. For example, when building a chest of drawers, a primary (expensive) hardwood like cherry or white oak would be great for the exterior and visible parts and pine or poplar would work well for interior parts that most people won’t see often. This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. Softwoods (coniferous) Araucaria. The types of wood in the old homesteaders’ lives cannot be overstated, and honestly, I think, has been a little forgotten. Its coloration can be light to chocolate brown, and may contain burls, butts, and curls. They are lightweight. That makes hardwood obviously more expensive than softwood. You can read my popular article: “Learn How to Choose Stable, Strong & Beautiful Wood”. Not all firewood gives the same results so understanding the characteristics of different types is key to choosing the best firewood for your needs. Different Types of Hardwoods Mahogany is finely grained wood with reddish brown color.