However, many of their populations are endangered, especially outside of Africa. The "newest" cat species described to science, the Sunda clouded leopard, actually exists in two distinct forms, scientists have confirmed. It’s possible they exist in other smaller islands as well such as the Batu Islands but this is unknown.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',123,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_12',123,'0','1'])); While they are generally referred to as Sunda clouded leopards, these cats go by many other names as well, including the Indonesian clouded leopard, Sundaland clouded leopard, Enkuli clouded leopard, Diard’s clouded leopard, and Diard’s cat. Sources: The Borneo population is thought to have expanded to Sumatra and the Philippines island of Palawan after the Toba eruption, when these islands were connected during the late Pleistocene glaciation. There are two main variants in the coloration. The Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) is the largest wild cat in Borneo and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red list of threatened species. Sunda leopard cats weigh 0.55 to 3.8 kg (1.2 to 8.4 lb), have head-body lengths of 38.8 to 66 cm (15.3 to 26.0 in) and tails about 40-50% of that length. In Sumatra, on the other hand, it’s estimated that this number is just 1.29 individuals per 100 square kilometers (39 square miles). We know that they prefer the tropical forests and lowlands below 1,500 meters of Borneo and Sumatra and that they most probably hunt by ambushing their prey while hiding in trees. [9] View Clouded leopard range in a larger map Sunda clouded leopards are an endangered species, 17 Stunning Facts About St Paul’s Cathedral, 17 intriguing Facts About The Vitruvian Man, 18 Interesting Facts About Clouded Leopards. The main reason they are endangered is because of deforestation. Those recorded in an oil palm plantation in central Kalimantan were active from late afternoon to early morning and preyed foremost on ricefield rats and other rodents. Sunda clouded leopards live on the Sunda Islands, 2. Researchers believe only 90 remain in the wild — and their numbers are plummeting due to poaching, fires, … In Sumatra, they share the land with the mighty Sumatran tiger. Today, the Sunda Tiger is listed as critically endangered and can only be found in Sumatra. Scats collected of Sunda leopard cats in sugarcane fields in Negros island indicate that they feed foremost on rodents such as house mouse, Polynesian rat, ricefield rat and Tanezumi rat. Back in 2006, extensive DNA research has shown that they are indeed a separate species and they diverged between 2 and 0.9 million years ago. One of the most fascinating facts about Sunda clouded leopards is that they have the biggest teeth of all cats in the world compared to the length of their skull! The term "big cat" refers to a group of four members of the Panthera genus, including the lion, tiger, jaguar and leopard. These Leopard Cats are one of the few felids to have colonized and persisted on islands, although habitat destruction is severely threatening some of these populations. Numbers offered decreased from the 1990s surveys to 2018. Jaguar ( Panthera onca ) assessed 2016, published 2017 - remains Near Threatened and trend Decreasing. [14] [4] Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) assessed 2016, published 2017 - Endangered to Vulnerable and trend Decreasing. "Sumatran tigers and Sunda clouded leopards compete for larger prey, and tigers are likely to attack them on sight," Allen said in a paper reported in the journal Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. These cats simply need trees to survive and if they lose their preferred habitat, it could be they go extinct. Apart from these details, we don’t know much about their behavior at all! 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